What does back pain mean?
The causes of back pain are usually multifactorial, which often makes it difficult to make the right diagnosis. Most often, back pain is the result of sedentary lifestyle, bad posture habits and lack of regular physical exercise. Back pain can also be caused by many diseases, not just the spine. Check what back pain means.
The causes of back pain are multifactorial. Most often are responsible for him sitting fish of life, bad habits posture, taking for a long time unnatural, forced posture, sitting for too long in one position, no regular physical exercise, walking in high heels, incorrectly lifting objects from the floor (instead of kneeling, we bend down), bad position taken during sleep etc.
Then, the so-called postural pain, which is the result of overloading of tissue-joint structures. It is an indefinable, unstable back pain, most often in the thoracic segment of the spine. Poor posture habits often lead to postural defects (scoliosis, kyphosis or lordosis), which result in pain in almost every leg of the back.
It’s good to know that spinal back pain is diagnosed when the pain increases when you move or carry heavy things and relaxes with rest or inactivity.
In turn, non-spine back pain does not intensify with movements and may indicate serious illness.
What diseases does he indicate?
The most serious causes of spinal back pain include infections (eg, osteomyelitis) and tumors (spinal cord or spine).
overload, muscle strain, ligament rupture, spinal muscle spasms;
spinal hernia (otherwise discopathy or falling out of the disc) – a lumbar hernia is manifested by a pain in the cross, which intensifies when bending forward and tingling in the legs. Cervical hernia – initially there is a slight pain and stiffness of the neck, later tingling in the hands. A chest hernia gives pains radiating to the ribs, which are very much felt with laughter, coughing and sneezing;
fracture of compression vertebrae – pain may increase with coughing, sneezing or defecation. This type of fracture is one of the main symptoms of spinal osteoporosis;
stenosis of the spinal canal in the lumbar region – the severity of pain with spine overgrowth is characteristic;
spondylolisthesis (slipping of the vertebrae) – except for backache, difficult walking occurs, the inability to bend the legs in the hips with the knees extended;
Fibromyalgia is a syndrome in the course of which generalized pain and so-called tender points (trigger points), i.e. places of the body with excessive sensitivity to pressure. Associate symptoms are chronic fatigue, insomnia, depression as well as concentration and anxiety disorders.
Non-spinal back pain
- abdominal aortic aneurysm (tumor);
- aortic dissection;
- dissection of the carotid or vertebral artery;
- acute meningitis;
- angina or myocardial infarction;
- certain diseases of the digestive system (eg cholecystitis, diverticulitis, purulent abscesses, inflammation of the pancreas, appendicitis);
- pelvic disorders (e.g., ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cancer, salpingitis);
- diseases of the respiratory system (eg pleurisy, pneumonia);
- diseases of the urinary tract (inflammation of the prostate, pyelonephritis);
- Paget’s bone disease;
- upper chest opening syndrome;
- temporomandibular joint syndrome;
- an autoimmune disease (one in which the immune system attacks your own tissues) – in most cases they cause inflammation of the back. Autoimmune diseases closely related to inflammatory back pain are: axial spondyloarthritis (eg ankylosing spondylitis), psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis and arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel diseases.
In most cases, the pain is overloaded. However, in 3 percent. adults cause back pain is an inflammatory disease. Inflammatory pain is often confused with overloaded back pain.