Muscle pains are known to almost everyone. They can appear in the course of many diseases, as well as in the result of poisoning, overloading, excessive physical exertion or fatigue. Muscle pain is felt locally, for example after exercise. If the pain is generalized, strong and prevents normal functioning, it can be a symptom of a serious illness. Learn how to recognize the cause of muscle pain and how to alleviate this unpleasant feeling.
Muscle pain is one of the most common symptoms. They apply to people of all ages, they can appear for many reasons. The cause of muscle pain can be bacterial or viral infections (for example influenza), as well as injuries and overloads that arise during physical exertion as well as nervous or systemic diseases. There are so many reasons that it is difficult to recognize them on the basis of the pain itself. Therefore, the diagnosis process takes into account the symptoms accompanying muscle pain, as well as its intensity (acute or chronic) and etiology (inflammatory or non-inflammatory).
Muscle pain usually passes spontaneously after exercise. The same applies to the pain associated with a viral, bacterial or parasitic disease. Usually muscle pain moderates as the disease subside or after appropriate treatment is implemented. A more serious symptom is muscle pain accompanying neurological or systemic disease. Then the pain is generalized, it can be felt in several parts of the muscles, it often hinders normal functioning. Then, the treating physician decides about the method of treatment.
When to report to the doctor? When the pain is strong, appears for no apparent reason or intensifies with the passage of time, and also radiates into other parts of the body, it is throbbing, burning and rushing. Consultation with a doctor also requires muscle pain, accompanied by redness, warming and swelling in the area of a particular batch of muscles.
Causes of muscle pain
PERSPECTIVE: Muscle pain occurs after physical exercise and usually involves those muscles that were most involved in exercise. The cause of the soreness is the accumulation of lactic acid in muscle tissue. This type of pain passes automatically, usually after resting and relieving these aching muscles.
VIRAL INFECTIONS: generalized muscle pain, i.e. not specific muscle, and perceived as “muscle pain” can be the first symptom of an infection developing in the body. Characteristic during the infection is muscle pain at rest, spilled into various parties. Symptoms usually include fever, chills, sweats, loss of appetite, a runny nose or a dry cough.
BACTERIAL INFECTIONS: muscle pain may occur, for example, due to injuries due to a dirty object, when skin and subcutaneous tissue infection occurs, which often leads to infection of the muscle fascia and muscle tissue. The pain is then limited to one muscle group, it occurs at rest, during touch touching the muscle inflammation process. The accompanying symptom is swelling, redness and warming of this area, and the body temperature is also the most frequent.
URAZ: local inflammatory reaction, manifested by muscle pain, swelling, warming and redness is most often the result of muscle tissue injury.
ORAL TISSUE DISEASES, MIALGIA: is a group of systemic, inflammatory diseases that are often accompanied by muscle pain. It is characteristic to occupy the muscles of the shoulder and hip girdle, which is manifested by muscle pain when raising the hands up or standing up from the squatting position. In addition to muscle pain, diseases of the group of generalized connective tissue diseases are accompanied, for example, by skin changes, as well as low-grade fever, poor mood, and weight loss.
Other causes of muscle pain:
- parasitic disease, for example trichinellosis or spirochete;
- water and electrolyte disorders;
- toxic muscle injury;
- malignant hyperthermia (a genetic defect in one of the types of calcium receptors);
- hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism and hypoparathyroidism;
- chronic fatigue syndrome;
- nutritional deficiencies;
- toxic damage to muscle tissue, for example after intoxication with heavy metals or after taking intoxicating substances.